Gas Cylinder Laws & Regulations
OSHA’s General Regulations for Compressed Gas
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) official website has many rules and regulations regarding the use of compressed gas cylinders. Whether you are dealing with oxygen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, or propane, you are required by the law to follow these regulations. The following are general requirements for any compressed gas cylinder you use:
If you are in control of your gas cylinder, you must visually ensure and confirm that it is safe to use. The Department of Transportation (DOT) will make other inspections that are penned in the Hazardous Materials Regulations (49 CFR Parts 171-179 and 14 CFR part 103). If the DOT regulations are not applicable, further inspections will be conducted based on the Compressed Gas Association (CGA) Pamphlets (C-6-1968 and C-8-1962).
1910.101(b): Storing, Handling, and Transportation
The in-plant handling, storing, and utilizing of a gas cylinder need to be up to par with CGA Pamphlet P-1 Standard for Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Containers. It must be stored upright and in specific ways that prevent it from moving around. Keep any gas cylinder in cool, well-ventilated areas. The area must also be dry and fire-resistant.
Gas cylinders should be transported by cylinder safety carts, meant for moving the cylinders from one point to another. To prevent it from tipping, rolling, or falling, use cylinder brackets or cylinder stands to keep it in place. Anything transported over 1000 pounds needs hazmat license and placard on vehicle.
1910.101(c): Safety Relief Devices
Safety relief devices will have devices that prevent it from rupturing when unintentionally exposed to higher temperatures or even fire. They must be installed and properly maintained while being transported and handled. This is based off 3 CGA Pamphlets (Pamphlets S-1.1-1963) (1965 addenda) (S-1.2-1963).